Summary of China's commodity packaging laws and re

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Overview of China's commodity packaging laws and regulations (Part I)

commodity packaging laws and regulations include relevant laws, regulations, technical standards, etc. In the process of commodity circulation, only by selecting appropriate packaging materials, scientific packaging container structure, applying reasonable packaging technology, and implementing relevant regulations and technical standards, can the normal commodity circulation and trade be ensured [1]. At the same time, due to the importance of the impact of commodity packaging waste on the environment, many countries have formulated many effective packaging laws and regulations to strictly control the production and recycling of packaging waste, so that the circular economy continues to grow [2]. Market economy is a legal economy, which needs packaging legislation. Legislation is the successful experience of foreign developed countries in promoting the development of packaging industry

The environmental protection law of the people's Republic of China shall come into force on December 26th, 1989. In the aspect of commodity packaging, the law makes macro regulations on environmental pollution during the whole life cycle of commodity packaging. The specific provisions are as follows: units that produce environmental pollution and other public hazards must incorporate environmental protection into their plans and establish an environmental protection system; Take effective measures to prevent and control environmental pollution and harm caused by waste gas, waste water, waste residue, dust, malodorous gas, radioactive substances, noise, vibration, electromagnetic radiation, etc. generated in production, construction or other activities; In the technological transformation of newly-built industrial enterprises and existing industrial enterprises, equipment and processes with high resource utilization rate and low pollutant discharge shall be adopted, and economic and reasonable technologies for comprehensive utilization of waste and treatment of pollutants shall be adopted; Food shall be prevented from pollution during production, processing, packaging, transportation, storage and sales

The law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid wastes was revised and adopted on December 29th, 2004, and came into force on April 1st, 2005. The revised solid waste prevention and control law is closely related to the daily life of factories, enterprises and people. The new law has made clear provisions on commodity packaging, especially on excessive packaging. The law has made detailed provisions on the supervision and management of the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid wastes, the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid wastes, and has made special provisions on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by hazardous wastes

In its general provisions, the law points out that the state should prevent and control environmental pollution by solid waste, implement the principles of reducing the amount and harmfulness of solid waste, making full and rational use of solid waste and harmless disposal of solid waste, and promote the development of cleaner production and circular economy; The State adopts economic and technological policies and measures that are conducive to the comprehensive utilization of solid waste, and fully recovers and rationally utilizes solid waste; The State encourages and supports the adoption of measures conducive to the protection of the environment for the centralized disposal of solid waste, so as to promote the development of the industry for the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste; The relevant departments of the State Council, the local people's governments at or above the county level and their relevant departments shall organize the preparation of plans for urban and rural construction, land use, regional development and industrial development, and shall give overall consideration to reducing the amount and harmfulness of solid waste and promoting the comprehensive utilization and non hazardous disposal of solid waste. The State applies the principle that the polluter is responsible according to law in the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste. The State encourages units and individuals to purchase and use recycled products and reusable products

the law stipulates that the design and manufacture of products and packaging materials shall comply with the relevant national regulations on cleaner production. The competent administrative department for standardization under the State Council shall, in accordance with the national economic and technical conditions, the state of prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste and the technical requirements for products, organize the formulation of relevant standards to prevent environmental pollution caused by excessive packaging. Enterprises that produce, sell or import products and packages that are listed in the compulsory recycling catalogue according to law must recycle such products and packages in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state. The State encourages scientific research and production units to research and produce film coverings and commodity packages that are easy to recycle, dispose of or degradable in the environment

the containers and packages of hazardous wastes, as well as the facilities and places for collection, storage, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes must be provided with hazardous waste identification marks. The places, facilities, equipment, containers, packages and other articles for the collection, storage, transportation and treatment of hazardous waste must be treated to eliminate pollution before they can be used for other purposes

The interim management measures for the recycling and utilization of packaging resources have been implemented nationwide since January 1st, 1999, together with the national standard GB/t16716 -1996 general rules for the treatment and utilization of packaging wastes. The measures are formulated to promote the sustainable development of China's national economy and the implementation of "green packaging projects", so as to eliminate the harm caused by packaging wastes, especially "white pollution"

1) the Measures stipulate that the management principles for the recycling of paper, wood, plastic, metal, glass and other packaging wastes are: the principle of conservation, the principle of safety, the principle of anti-counterfeiting, and the principle of operation. At the same time, they also stipulate the recycling channels, recycling methods, classification principles, storage and transportation, recycling varieties, recycling methods, technical requirements for reuse, test methods, inspection rules, and the principles of treatment, rewards and punishment of packaging wastes

2) the recycling channels stipulated in the measures are: give full play to the role of Commerce, grain, supply and marketing, materials, foreign trade, light industry, chemical industry, medicine and all departments and units engaged in commodity business, and encourage them to recycle all kinds of packages that have certain value and are likely to be recycled when selling commodities. Organize professional organizations (i.e. packaging resource recycling companies) and professional teams to recycle. Organize urban neighborhood committees, sanitation cleaning teams and sales vendors to recycle. Give full play to the role of individual and waste material recycling stations (points) for recycling

3) the recycling methods stipulated in the measures include: store recycling, door-to-door recycling, mobile recycling, entrusted recycling, counter recycling, counterpart recycling, turnover recycling, fixed-point recycling, deposit recycling and reward recycling

4) the Measures stipulate that the types of recycled and reused packaging include: paper packaging (i.e. corrugated boxes, cardboard boxes, paper splints, various paper bags, various paper boxes, pulp molded products, honeycomb cardboard products, paper trays, etc.), wood packaging (i.e. ordinary wooden boxes, frame wooden boxes, plywood boxes (barrels), fiberboard boxes, transport packaging wooden trays, etc.), Plastic packaging (according to the requirements of the catalogue of compulsory recycling of waste plastic products formulated, adjusted and published by the competent administrative department of environmental protection under the State Council, all plastic packaging or containers listed in the recycling catalogue can be recycled; those not listed in the recycling catalogue are forbidden to be recycled and shall be treated as packaging waste), metal packaging (i.e. steel sheet barrels, galvanized iron barrels, aluminum barrels, iron plastic composite barrels, etc.), Glass packaging (i.e. all kinds of glass wine bottles, beverage bottles, cans, medicine bottles, etc.)

5) the method specifies that the packaging reuse methods include: original factory reuse, that is, the packaging that is intact or damaged but can be reused after repair is supplied to the original commodity manufacturer for use; The same kind is common, that is, the packaging with uniform specifications and sizes is common to the manufacturers producing the same kind of goods; Substitute by other factories, that is, the recycled packaging not used by the original manufacturer for the time being can be used by other factories through trial assembly and package; The reformed packaging, that is to say, the packaging that is damaged a lot, or the original materials are found and reused as raw materials. According to the specifications required by the user, the scratches on the sheath surface are often caused by the twists and turns of the cable core; Reform other products, that is, use recycled packaging as raw materials to reform other products, so that the waste can be used for multiple purposes and turn waste into treasure. At the same time, diesel oil, gasoline or other useful substances can be re extracted from the recycled relevant waste plastics to return them to nature; Recycling of raw products, that is, using recycled packaging as raw materials to produce packaging products of the same or different specifications; Energy recovery means to make full use of the heat energy generated by the incineration of packaging waste

6) the method stipulates that the principle of packaging waste treatment is: in order to strengthen the treatment of packaging waste, all large and medium-sized cities in China should establish special recycling and treatment institutions and related enterprises where conditions permit. During the treatment of general packaging wastes, they shall be separated and managed by category according to their nature, and the principle of resource conservation shall be implemented. They shall be comprehensively utilized or recycled as far as possible. Those that cannot be utilized shall be finally treated. The final treatment must be handed over to a special recycling agency for implementation. The disposal of packaging waste shall be timely and comply with the relevant provisions of China and even the international environmental protection. For the storage, transportation and treatment of packaging wastes, hazardous packaging wastes and harmless packaging wastes shall be separated and treated in strict accordance with their respective technical requirements. During the storage, transportation and treatment of packaging wastes, effective protective measures shall be taken according to their different properties to ensure the safety of operators and prevent accidents or other hazards

7) the Measures stipulate the technical requirements for packaging waste treatment: non toxic packaging waste can be disposed by incineration. Packaging wastes contaminated by explosives shall be incinerated or landfilled only after the explosives are eliminated. Hazardous packaging wastes shall be clearly marked during stacking, transportation and treatment. The packaging waste containing pesticides or other toxic substances can only be landfilled without harmless treatment under the condition that the hydration degree increases and the oxygen permeability of the polymer relative to the hydrogel decreases. Special sites and facilities shall be used for the stacking, transportation and treatment of packaging wastes to prevent rain, humidity, mildew, leakage, flying, leakage, odor and pollution. In addition, the Measures stipulate that the recycled packaging resources shall be stored, cleaned, classified, sorted and packaged to avoid rain, exposure, moisture, moth eaten and pollution; The packaging of dangerous goods shall be stored and transported separately. Compared with non rubber tree, degradable plastic packaging products need 5-7 years to be cut. Degradable plastic packaging products should also be stored and transported separately; Vehicles transporting recycled packages shall be kept clean

Cleaner Production Promotion Law of the people's Republic of China. The law has detailed provisions on commodity packaging: the design of products and packaging materials should consider their impact on human health and the environment in the life cycle, and give priority to non-toxic, harmless, easy to degrade or easy to recycle schemes. The enterprise shall pack the products reasonably to reduce the excessive use of packaging materials and the packaging waste analyzer. Compared with the mechanical impact testing machine, the data of the mechanical cold and hot impact testing machine are generated by manually reading from the dial. Enterprises that produce and sell products and packaging materials listed in the compulsory recycling catalogue must recycle the products and packaging materials after the products are scrapped and the packaging materials are used. The catalogue and specific measures for the compulsory recovery of products and packages shall be formulated by the competent department of economic and trade administration under the State Council. The State adopts economic measures that are conducive to the recovery and utilization of the products and packages listed in the catalogue of compulsory recovery; The competent economic and trade administrative departments of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall regularly inspect the implementation of the compulsory recycling of products and packages, and timely publish the inspection results to the public. In addition, the tax authorities shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state, reduce or exempt value-added tax on products produced from waste or on raw materials recovered from waste

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